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Similarities in Law's of nature  As we know about about laws of thermodynamics ,here are three laws about the black holes related to thermodynamics  The zeroth law states that a simple, non-rotating black hole has uniform gravity at its event horizon. This is kind of like saying that such a black hole is at thermal equilibrium.  The first law relates the mass, rotation and charge of a black hole to its entropy. The entropy of a black hole is then related to the surface area of its event horizon.  The second law again states that the entropy of a black hole system cannot decrease. One consequence of this is that when two black holes merge, the surface area of the merged event horizon must be greater than the surface areas of the original black holes.  The third law states that “extreme” black holes (those with a maximum possible rotation or charge) would have minimum entropy. This means that it would never be possible to form an extreme black hole. For example, it would never be possible to spin a black hole so fast that it would break apart.  #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity #bigbang #thermodynamics #neutronstars
#repost @darshitmodi.14.me (@get_repost) ・・・ Dirac equation  In particle physics, the Dirac equation is a relativistic wave equation derived by British physicist Paul Dirac in 1928. In its free form, or including electromagnetic interactions, it describes all spin-12 massive particles such as electrons and quarks for which parity is a symmetry.  In particle physics, the Dirac equation is a relativistic wave equation derived by British physicist Paul Diracin 1928. In its free form, or including electromagnetic interactions, it describes all spin-1/2 massive particlessuch as electrons and quarks for which parity is a symmetry. It is consistent with both the principles of quantum mechanics and the theory of special relativity,and was the first theory to account fully for special relativity in the context of quantum mechanics. It was validated by accounting for the fine details of the hydrogen spectrum in a completely rigorous way.  The equation also implied the existence of a new form of matter, antimatter, previously unsuspected and unobserved and which was experimentally confirmed several years later. It also provided a theoretical justification for the introduction of several component wave functions in Pauli's phenomenological theory of spin; the wave functions in the Dirac theory are vectors of four complex numbers (known as bispinors), two of which resemble the Pauli wavefunction in the non-relativistic limit, in contrast to the Schrödinger equation which described wave functions of only one complex value. Moreover, in the limit of zero mass, the Dirac equation reduces to the Weyl equation.  #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity #bigbang #diracequation #particle #antimatter #modernphysics
Dirac equation  In particle physics, the Dirac equation is a relativistic wave equation derived by British physicist Paul Dirac in 1928. In its free form, or including electromagnetic interactions, it describes all spin-12 massive particles such as electrons and quarks for which parity is a symmetry.  In particle physics, the Dirac equation is a relativistic wave equation derived by British physicist Paul Diracin 1928. In its free form, or including electromagnetic interactions, it describes all spin-1/2 massive particlessuch as electrons and quarks for which parity is a symmetry. It is consistent with both the principles of quantum mechanics and the theory of special relativity,and was the first theory to account fully for special relativity in the context of quantum mechanics. It was validated by accounting for the fine details of the hydrogen spectrum in a completely rigorous way.  The equation also implied the existence of a new form of matter, antimatter, previously unsuspected and unobserved and which was experimentally confirmed several years later. It also provided a theoretical justification for the introduction of several component wave functions in Pauli's phenomenological theory of spin; the wave functions in the Dirac theory are vectors of four complex numbers (known as bispinors), two of which resemble the Pauli wavefunction in the non-relativistic limit, in contrast to the Schrödinger equation which described wave functions of only one complex value. Moreover, in the limit of zero mass, the Dirac equation reduces to the Weyl equation.  #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity #bigbang #diracequation #particle #antimatter #modernphysics
BLACK HOLES  Black holes are regions of space where the gravity is so thick that not even light can force its way out.black holes can form as a result of stellar death. Once a star runs out of fuel to burn, and thus can no longer support itself via radiation pressure, the layers of metals fused up to that point will all come crashing down towards the center. The stellar core can then implode in the production of a supernova or, as is the case for more massive stars, collapse to then form a black hole.  If massless photons cannot escape the clutches of a black hole, then certainly neither could we. But what would happen to you if you were to find yourself falling into a black hole? Thanks to Einstein’s theory of general relativity, a framework that helps us understand how space and time behave in the presence of strong gravity, we can predict the specifics of what would happen to us without having to go through it ourselves.  #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity #bigbang
LIGO-Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory  The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is a large-scale physicsexperiment and observatory to detect cosmic gravitational waves and to develop gravitational-wave observations as an astronomical tool. Two large observatories were built in the United States with the aim of detecting gravitational waves by laserinterferometry. These can detect a change in the 4 km mirror spacing of less than a ten-thousandth the charge diameter of a proton, equivalent to measuring the distance to Proxima Centauri with an accuracy smaller than the width of a human hair.  The initial LIGO observatories were funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and were conceived, built, and are operated by Caltech and MIT.They collected data from 2002 to 2010 but no gravitational waves were detected.  #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity #bigbang #ligo
#repost @darshitmodi.14.me (@get_repost) ・・・ Density of "Dark Matter"  The standard model of cosmology indicates that the total mass–energy of the universe contains 4.9% ordinary matter, 26.8% dark matter and 68.3% dark energy.Thus, dark matter constitutes 84.5% of total mass, while dark energy plus dark matter constitute 95.1% of total mass–energy content.The great majority of ordinary matter in the universe is also unseen. Visible stars and gas inside galaxies and clusters account for less than 10% of the ordinary matter contribution to the mass-energy density of the universe.The most widely accepted hypothesis on the form for dark matter is that it is composed of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) that interact only through gravity and the weak force.The dark matter hypothesis plays a central role in current modeling of cosmic structure formation, galaxy formation and evolution, and on explanations of the anisotropies observed in the cosmic microwave background(CMB). All these lines of evidence suggest that galaxies, galaxy clusters, and the universe as a whole contain far more matter than that which is observable via electromagnetic signals. Many experiments to detect proposed dark matter particles through non-gravitational means are under way; however, no dark matter particle has been conclusively identified.  The average density of dark matter near the solar system is approximately 1 proton-mass for every 3 cubic centimeters, which is roughly 6x10-28 kg/cm3. The actual density might be a little lower or higher, but this is the right order of magnitude.  #universe #bigbang #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity #darkmatter
Density of "Dark Matter"  The standard model of cosmology indicates that the total mass–energy of the universe contains 4.9% ordinary matter, 26.8% dark matter and 68.3% dark energy.Thus, dark matter constitutes 84.5% of total mass, while dark energy plus dark matter constitute 95.1% of total mass–energy content.The great majority of ordinary matter in the universe is also unseen. Visible stars and gas inside galaxies and clusters account for less than 10% of the ordinary matter contribution to the mass-energy density of the universe.The most widely accepted hypothesis on the form for dark matter is that it is composed of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) that interact only through gravity and the weak force.The dark matter hypothesis plays a central role in current modeling of cosmic structure formation, galaxy formation and evolution, and on explanations of the anisotropies observed in the cosmic microwave background(CMB). All these lines of evidence suggest that galaxies, galaxy clusters, and the universe as a whole contain far more matter than that which is observable via electromagnetic signals. Many experiments to detect proposed dark matter particles through non-gravitational means are under way; however, no dark matter particle has been conclusively identified.  The average density of dark matter near the solar system is approximately 1 proton-mass for every 3 cubic centimeters, which is roughly 6x10-28 kg/cm3. The actual density might be a little lower or higher, but this is the right order of magnitude.  #universe #bigbang #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity #darkmatter
#repost @darshitmodi.14.me (@get_repost) ・・・ Nemesis (hypothetical star)  Nemesis is a hypothetical red dwarf for brown dwarf,originally postulated in 1984 to be orbiting the Sun at a distance of about 95,000 AU (1.5 light-years),somewhat beyond the Oort cloud, to explain a perceived cycle of mass extinctions in the geological record, which seem to occur more often at intervals of 26 million years. As of 2012, over 1800 brown dwarfs have been identified. There are actually fewer brown dwarfs in our cosmic neighborhood than previously thought. Rather than one star for every brown dwarf, there may be as many as six stars for every brown dwarf.The majority of solar-type stars are single.The previous idea stated half or perhaps most stellar systems were binary, trinary, or multiple-star systems associated with clusters of stars, rather than the single-star systems that tend to be seen most often.  More recent theories suggest that other forces, like close passage of other stars, or the angular effect of the galactic gravity plane working against the outer solar orbital plane, may be the cause of orbital perturbations of some outer Solar System objects.In 2011, Coryn Bailer-Jones analysed craters on the surface of the Earth and reached the conclusion that the earlier findings of simple periodic patterns (implying periodic comet showers dislodged by a hypothetical Nemesis star) were statistical artifacts, and found that the crater record shows no evidence for Nemesis. However, in 2010, A.L. Melott and R.K. Bambach found evidence in the fossil record confirming the extinction event periodicity originally claimed by Raup & Sepkoski in 1984, but at a higher confidence level and over a time period nearly twice as long.The Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) failed to discover Nemesis in the 1980s. The 2MASSastronomical survey, which ran from 1997 to 2001, failed to detect an additional star or brown dwarf in the Solar System.
Nemesis (hypothetical star)  Nemesis is a hypothetical red dwarf for brown dwarf,originally postulated in 1984 to be orbiting the Sun at a distance of about 95,000 AU (1.5 light-years),somewhat beyond the Oort cloud, to explain a perceived cycle of mass extinctions in the geological record, which seem to occur more often at intervals of 26 million years. As of 2012, over 1800 brown dwarfs have been identified. There are actually fewer brown dwarfs in our cosmic neighborhood than previously thought. Rather than one star for every brown dwarf, there may be as many as six stars for every brown dwarf.The majority of solar-type stars are single.The previous idea stated half or perhaps most stellar systems were binary, trinary, or multiple-star systems associated with clusters of stars, rather than the single-star systems that tend to be seen most often.  More recent theories suggest that other forces, like close passage of other stars, or the angular effect of the galactic gravity plane working against the outer solar orbital plane, may be the cause of orbital perturbations of some outer Solar System objects.In 2011, Coryn Bailer-Jones analysed craters on the surface of the Earth and reached the conclusion that the earlier findings of simple periodic patterns (implying periodic comet showers dislodged by a hypothetical Nemesis star) were statistical artifacts, and found that the crater record shows no evidence for Nemesis. However, in 2010, A.L. Melott and R.K. Bambach found evidence in the fossil record confirming the extinction event periodicity originally claimed by Raup & Sepkoski in 1984, but at a higher confidence level and over a time period nearly twice as long.The Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) failed to discover Nemesis in the 1980s. The 2MASSastronomical survey, which ran from 1997 to 2001, failed to detect an additional star or brown dwarf in the Solar System.  #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement
「恬靜簡樸的生活,比汲汲營營追求成功更為快樂。」#simplelife #einstin#tokyo
The reciprocal system Theory  Motion versus Matter Paradigms. Larson's RST, and the reciprocal system theory (RSt), which he developed using it, are a complete departure from existing physical theories, based on the traditional system of physical theory, such as general relativity, quantum mechanics, big bang, string theories, etc.  #universe #bigbang #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity #therereciprocalsystemtheory
#poop Everybody poops. That’s not just the name of a popular potty training book, but it’s an essential fact of life. However, most people merely flush it away without a second thought. In the spirit of one man’s trash being another man’s treasure, the non-profit company Open biome is actually paying for stool samples in order to create lifesaving fecal transplant treatments for those infected with Clostridium difficile, a bacteria which is highly resistant to antibiotics.  Infections of C. difficile result in severe diarrhea, hospitalizing 250,000 Americans each year and causing about 14,000 deaths. It can actually come about after using antibiotics for too long, which ties into what makes it exceptionally difficult to treat. The patient’s gut microbiota is nearly wiped out, and conventional probiotics are not sufficient to replace them.  #universe #bigbang #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity
Often described as the opposite of déjà vu, jamais vu a sense of eeriness and the observer's impression of seeing the situation for the first time, despite rationally knowing that he or she has been in the situation before. Jamais vu is sometimes associated with certain types of aphasia, amnesia, and epilepsy.  Jamais vu is most commonly experienced when a person momentarily does not recognise a word or, less commonly, a person or place, that she or he knows.[1] This can be achieved by anyone by repeatedly writing or saying a specific word out loud. After a few seconds one will often, despite knowing that it is a real word, feel as if "there's no way it is an actual word". #dejavu #jamaisvu #universe  #universe #bigbang #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity
The explaination of Big Bang Theory.  The “big bang” wasn’t a “bang” at all, at least not in the common definition. It didn’t explode in a scene of shrapnel and fire, and there was definitely no mushroom cloud. The big-bang theory of the universe is derived from Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity and the idea that the universe expanded from a miniscule dense collection of energy called a singularity. There was no bang, just a vast expansion of extremely condensed material.  #universe #bigbang #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity
You might not know Yves Rossy by name, but there's a decent chance you've seen him before. He's one of the only people in the world with a working jetpack — and he's really good at flying it. We've seen him fly next to a B17 bomber, circle Mount Fuji, and soar over the Grand Canyon. But the man with the jetpack just released his most hair-raising video yet.  #humanjet #dubai #universe #bigbang #generalrelativity #einstin #quantummechanics #quantumentanglement #physics #science #blackhole #spacetime #blackholes #timedelation #specialrelativity

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