tattoo

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A tattoo is a form of body modification where a design is made by inserting ink, dyes, and/or pigments, either indelible or temporary, into the dermis layer of the skin. The art of making tattoos is tattooing.

Tattoos fall into three broad categories: purely decorative (with no specific meaning); symbolic (with a specific meaning pertinent to the wearer); and pictorial (a depiction of a specific person or item). In addition, tattoos can be used for identification such as ear tattoos on livestock as a form of branding.

The word tattoo, or tattow in the 18th century, is a loanword from the Samoan word tatau, meaning "to strike". The Oxford English Dictionary gives the etymology of tattoo as "In 18th c. tattaow, tattow. From Polynesian (Samoan, Tahitian, Tongan, etc.) tatau. In Marquesan, tatu." Before the importation of the Polynesian word, the practice of tattooing had been described in the West as painting, scarring or staining.

The etymology of the body modification term is not to be confused with the origins of the word for the military drumbeat or performance — see military tattoo. In this case, the English word tattoo is derived from the Dutch word taptoe.

Copyrighted tattoo designs that are mass-produced and sent to tattoo artists are known as "flash", a notable instance of industrial design. Flash sheets are prominently displayed in many tattoo parlors for the purpose of providing both inspiration and ready-made tattoo images to customers.

The Japanese word irezumi means "insertion of ink" and can mean tattoos using tebori, the traditional Japanese hand method, a Western-style machine or any method of tattooing using insertion of ink. The most common word used for traditional Japanese tattoo designs is horimono. Japanese may use the word tattoo to mean non-Japanese styles of tattooing.

British anthropologist Ling Roth in 1900 described four methods of skin marking and suggested they be differentiated under the names "tatu", "moko", "cicatrix" and "keloid". The first is by pricking that leaves the skin smooth, as found in places including the Pacific Islands, the second a tattoo combined with chiselling to leave furrows in the skin, as found in places including New Zealand, the third is scarification using a knife or chisel, as found in places including West Africa, and the fourth is scarification by irritating and re-opening a preexisting wound, rescarification, to form a raised scar, as found in places including Tasmania, Australia, Melanesia, and Central Africa. "Impicit in the classification was an evolutionary development from the most primitive form of body modification [the last] to the most sophisticated [the first]."

The American Academy of Dermatology distinguishes five types of tattoos: traumatic tattoos, also called "natural tattoos", that result from injuries, especially asphalt from road injuries or pencil lead; amateur tattoos; professional tattoos, both via traditional methods and modern tattoo machines; cosmetic tattoos, also known as "permanent makeup"; and medical tattoos.

A traumatic tattoo occurs when a substance such as asphalt or gunpowder is rubbed into a wound as the result of some kind of accident or trauma. Coal miners could develop characteristic tattoos owing to coal dust getting into wounds. These are particularly difficult to remove as they tend to be spread across several layers of skin, and scarring or permanent discoloration is almost unavoidable depending on the location. An amalgam tattoo is when amalgam particles are implanted in to the soft tissues of the mouth, usually the gums, during dental filling placement or removal. Another example of such accidental tattoos is the result of a deliberate or accidental stabbing with a pencil or pen, leaving graphite or ink beneath the skin.

Many tattoos serve as rites of passage, marks of status and rank, symbols of religious and spiritual devotion, decorations for bravery, sexual lures and marks of fertility, pledges of love, amulets and talismans, protection, and as punishment, like the marks of outcasts, slaves and convicts. The symbolism and impact of tattoos varies in different places and cultures. Tattoos may show how a person feels about a relative (commonly mother/father or daughter/son) or about an unrelated person. Today, people choose to be tattooed for artistic, cosmetic, sentimental/memorial, religious, and magical reasons, and to symbolize their belonging to or identification with particular groups, including criminal gangs (see criminal tattoos) or a particular ethnic group or law-abiding subculture. Popular texts include the Biblical verses John 3:16, Philippians 4:13, and Psalm 23.

Extensive decorative tattooing is common among members of traditional freak shows and by performance artists who follow in their tradition.

People throughout history have also been forcibly tattooed for means of identification.

A well-known example is the Nazi practice of forcibly tattooing concentration camp inmates with identification numbers during the Holocaust as part of the Nazis' identification system, beginning in fall 1941. The SS introduced the practice at Auschwitz concentration camp in order to identify the bodies of registered prisoners in the concentration camps. During registration, guards would pierce the outlines of the serial-number digits onto the prisoners' arms. Of the Nazi concentration camps, only Auschwitz put tattoos on inmates. The tattoo was the prisoner's camp number, sometimes with a special symbol added: some Jews had a triangle, and Romani had the letter "Z" (from German Zigeuner for "Gypsy"). In May 1944, Jewish men received the letters "A" or "B" to indicate a particular series of numbers.

Tattoos have also been used for identification in other ways. As early as the Zhou, Chinese authorities would employ facial tattoos as a punishment for certain crimes or to mark prisoners or slaves. During the Roman Empire, gladiators and slaves were tattooed: exported slaves were tattooed with the words "tax paid", and it was a common practice to tattoo "fugitive" (denoted by the letters "FUG") on the foreheads of runaway slaves. Owing to the Biblical strictures against the practice, Emperor Constantine I banned tattooing the face around AD 330, and the Second Council of Nicaea banned all body markings as a pagan practice in AD 787.

In the period of early contact between the Māori and Europeans, the Māori people hunted and decapitated each other for their moko tattoos, which they traded for European items including axes and firearms. Moko tattoos were facial designs worn to indicate lineage, social position, and status within the tribe. The tattoo art was a sacred marker of identity among the Māori and also referred to as a vehicle for storing one's tapu, or spiritual being, in the afterlife.

Tattoos are sometimes used by forensic pathologists to help them identify burned, putrefied, or mutilated bodies. As tattoo pigment lies encapsulated deep in the skin, tattoos are not easily destroyed even when the skin is burned.

Tattoos are also placed on animals, though rarely for decorative reasons. Pets, show animals, thoroughbred horses, and livestock are sometimes tattooed with identification and other marks. Tattooing with a 'slap mark' on the shoulder or on the ear is the standard identification method in commercial pig farming. Branding is used for similar reasons and is often performed without anesthesia, but is different from tattooing as no ink or dye is inserted during the process, the mark instead being caused by permanent scarring of the skin. Pet dogs and cats are sometimes tattooed with a serial number (usually in the ear, or on the inner thigh) via which their owners can be identified. However, the use of a microchip has become an increasingly popular choice and since 2016 is a legal requirement for all 8.5 million pet dogs in the UK.

Permanent makeup is the use of tattoos to enhance eyebrows, lips (liner and/or lipstick), eyes (liner), and even moles, usually with natural colors, as the designs are intended to resemble makeup.

A growing trend in the US and UK is to place artistic tattoos over the surgical scars of a mastectomy. "More women are choosing not to reconstruct after a mastectomy and tattoo over the scar tissue instead... The mastectomy tattoo will become just another option for post cancer patients and a truly personal way of regaining control over post cancer bodies..." However, the tattooing of nipples on reconstructed breasts remains in high demand.

Functional tattoos are used primarily for a purpose other than aesthetics. One such use is to tattoo Alzheimer patients with their names, so they may be easily identified if they go missing.

Medical tattoos are used to ensure instruments are properly located for repeated application of radiotherapy and for the areola in some forms of breast reconstruction. Tattooing has also been used to convey medical information about the wearer (e.g., blood group, medical condition, etc.). Additionally, tattoos are used in skin tones to cover vitiligo, a skin pigmentation disorder.

SS blood group tattoos (German: Blutgruppentätowierung) were worn by members of the Waffen-SS in Nazi Germany during World War II to identify the individual's blood type. After the war, the tattoo was taken to be prima facie, if not perfect, evidence of being part of the Waffen-SS, leading to potential arrest and prosecution. This led a number of ex-Waffen-SS to shoot themselves through the arm with a gun, removing the tattoo and leaving scars like the ones resulting from pox inoculation, making the removal less obvious.

Tattoos were probably also used in ancient medicine as part of the treatment of the patient. In 1898, Daniel Fouquet, a medical doctor, wrote an article on "medical tattooing" practices in Ancient Egypt, in which he describes the tattooed markings on the female mummies found at the Deir el-Bahari site. He speculated that the tattoos and other scarifications observed on the bodies may have served a medicinal or therapeutic purpose: "The examination of these scars, some white, others blue, leaves in no doubt that they are not, in essence, ornament, but an established treatment for a condition of the pelvis, very probably chronic pelvic peritonitis."

Ötzi the iceman had a total of 61 tattoos, which may have been a form of acupuncture used to relieve pain. Radiological examination of Ötzi's bones showed "age-conditioned or strain-induced degeneration" corresponding to many tattooed areas, including osteochondrosis and slight spondylosis in the lumbar spine and wear-and-tear degeneration in the knee and especially in the ankle joints. If so, this is at least 2,000 years before acupuncture's previously known earliest use in China (c. 100 BCE).

Preserved tattoos on ancient mummified human remains reveal that tattooing has been practiced throughout the world for thousands of years. In 2015, scientific re-assessment of the age of the two oldest known tattooed mummies identified Ötzi as the oldest example then known. This body, with 61 tattoos, was found embedded in glacial ice in the Alps, and was dated to 3250 BCE. In 2018, the oldest figurative tattoos in the world were discovered on two mummies from Egypt which are dated between 3351 and 3017 BCE.

Ancient tattooing was most widely practiced among the Austronesian people. It was one of the early technologies developed by the Proto-Austronesians in Taiwan and coastal South China prior to at least 1500 BCE, before the Austronesian expansion into the islands of the Indo-Pacific. It may have originally been associated with headhunting. Tattooing traditions, including facial tattooing, can be found among all Austronesian subgroups, including Taiwanese Aborigines, Islander Southeast Asians, Micronesians, Polynesians, and the Malagasy people. Austronesians used the characteristic hafted skin-puncturing technique, using a small mallet and a piercing implement made from Citrus thorns, fish bone, bone, and oyster shells.

Ancient tattooing traditions have also been documented among Papuans and Melanesians, with their use of distinctive obsidian skin piercers. Some archeological sites with these implements are associated with the Austronesian migration into Papua New Guinea and Melanesia. But other sites are older than the Austronesian expansion, being dated to around 1650 to 2000 BCE, suggesting that there was a preexisting tattooing tradition in the region.

Among other ethnolinguistic groups, tattooing was also practiced among the Ainu people of Japan; some Austroasians of Indochina; Berber women of Tamazgha (North Africa); the Yoruba, Fulani and Hausa people of Nigeria; Native Americans of the Pre-Columbian Americas; and Picts of Iron Age Britain.

In 1566, French sailors abducted an Inuit woman and her child in modern-day Labrador and brought her to the city of Antwerp in the Dutch Republic. The mother was tattooed while the child was unmarked. In Antwerp, the two were put on display at a local tavern at least until 1567, with handbills promoting the event being distributed in the city. In 1577, English privateer Martin Frobisher captured two Inuit and brought them back to England for display. One of the Inuit was a tattooed woman from Baffin Island, who was illustrated by the English cartographer John White.

Perhaps the most famous tattooed foreigner in Europe prior to the voyages of James Cook was the "Painted Prince" - a slave named "Jeoly" from Mindanao in the Philippines. He was initially bought with his mother (who died of illness shortly afterwards) from a Mindanaoan slave trader in Mindanao in 1690 by a "Mister Moody", who passed Jeoly on to the English explorer William Dampier. Dampier described Jeoly's intricate tattoos in his journals:

He was painted all down the Breast, between his Shoulders behind; on his Thighs (mostly) before; and the Form of several broad Rings, or Bracelets around his Arms and Legs. I cannot liken the Drawings to any Figure of Animals, or the like; but they were very curious, full of great variety of Lines, Flourishes, Chequered-Work, &c. keeping a very graceful Proportion, and appearing very artificial, even to Wonder, especially that upon and between his Shoulder-blades […] I understood that the Painting was done in the same manner, as the Jerusalem Cross is made in Mens Arms, by pricking the Skin, and rubbing in a Pigment.

Jeoly told Dampier that he was the son of a rajah in Mindanao, and told him that gold (bullawan) was very easy to find in his island. Jeoly also mentioned that the men and women of Mindanao were also tattooed similarly, and that his tattoos were done by one of his five wives. Some authors believe him to be a Visayan pintado, if he indeed came from Mindanao as he claimed. Other authors have also identified him as Palauan due to the pattern of his tattoos and his account that he was tattooed by women (Visayan tattooists were male from the few surviving records; while Palauan tattooists were female), although this would conflict with his own admission that he originally came from Mindanao.

Dampier brought Jeoly with him to London, intending to recoup the money he lost while at sea by displaying Jeoly to curious crowds. Dampier invented a fictional backstory for him, renaming him "Prince Giolo" and claiming that he was the son and heir of the "King of Gilolo." Instead of being from Mindanao, Dampier now claimed that he was only shipwrecked in Mindanao with his mother and sister, whereupon he was captured and sold into slavery. Dampier also claimed that Jeoly's tattoos were created from an "herbal paint" that rendered him invulnerable to snake venom, and that the tattooing process was done naked in a room of venomous snakes. Dampier initially toured around with Jeoly, showing his tattoos to large crowds. Eventually, Dampier sold Jeoly to the Blue Boar Inn in Fleet Street. Jeoly was displayed as a sideshow by the inn, with his likeness printed on playbills and flyers advertising his "exquisitely painted" body. By this time, Jeoly had contracted smallpox and was very ill. He was later brought to the University of Oxford for examination, but he died shortly afterwards of smallpox at around thirty years of age in the summer of 1692. His tattooed skin was preserved and was displayed in the Anatomy School of Oxford for a time, although it was lost prior to the 20th century.

It is commonly held that the modern popularity of tattooing stems from Captain James Cook's three voyages to the South Pacific in the late 18th century. Certainly, Cook's voyages and the dissemination of the texts and images from them brought more awareness about tattooing (and, as noted above, imported the word "tattow" into Western languages). On Cook's first voyage in 1768, his science officer and expedition botanist, Sir Joseph Banks, as well as artist Sydney Parkinson and many others of the crew, returned to England with a keen interest in tattoos with Banks writing about them extensively and Parkinson is believed to have gotten a tattoo himself in Tahiti. Banks was a highly regarded member of the English aristocracy that had acquired his position with Cook by co-financing the expedition with ten thousand pounds, a very large sum at the time. In turn, Cook brought back with him a tattooed Raiatean man, Omai, whom he presented to King George and the English Court. On subsequent voyages other crew members, from officers, such as American John Ledyard, to ordinary seamen, were tattooed.

The first documented professional tattooist in Britain was Sutherland Macdonald, who operated out of a salon in London beginning in 1894. In Britain, tattooing was still largely associated with sailors and the lower or even criminal class, but by the 1870s had become fashionable among some members of the upper classes, including royalty, and in its upmarket form it could be an expensive and sometimes painful process. A marked class division on the acceptability of the practice continued for some time in Britain. Recently, a trend has arisen marketed as 'Stick and Poke' tattooing; simple designs are tattooed either on oneself or by another person using 'DIY' kits that usually contain needles, ink, and often sample designs.

As most tattoos in the United States were done by Polynesian and Japanese amateurs, tattoo artists were in great demand in port cities all over the world, especially by European and American sailors. The first recorded professional tattoo artist in the US was a German immigrant, Martin Hildebrandt. He opened a shop in New York City in 1846 and quickly became popular during the American Civil War among soldiers and sailors of both Union and Confederate militaries.

Hildebrandt began traveling from camp to camp to tattoo soldiers, increasing his popularity and also giving birth to the tradition of getting tattoos while being an American serviceman. Soon after the Civil War, tattoos became fashionable among upper-class young adults. This trend lasted until the beginning of World War I. The invention of the electric tattoo machine caused popularity of tattoos among the wealthy to drop off. The machine made the tattooing procedure both much easier and cheaper, thus, eliminating the status symbol tattoos previously held, as they were now affordable for all socioeconomic classes. The status symbol of a tattoo shifted from a representation of wealth to a mark typically seen on rebels and criminals. Despite this change, tattoos remained popular among military servicemen, a tradition that continues today.

In 1975, there were only 40 tattoo artists in the country; in 1980, there were more than 5,000 self-proclaimed tattoo artists,[citation needed] appearing in response to booming popularity in the skin mural trade. Many studies have been done of the tattooed population and society's view of tattoos. In June 2006, the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology published the results of a telephone survey of 2004. It found that 36% of Americans ages 18–29, 24% of those 30–40, and 15% of those 41–51 had a tattoo. In September 2006, the Pew Research Center conducted a telephone survey that found that 36% of Americans ages 18–25, 40% of those 26–40 and 10% of those 41–64 had a tattoo. They concluded that Generation X and Millennials express themselves through their appearance, and tattoos are a popular form of self-expression. In January 2008, a survey conducted online by Harris Interactive estimated that 14% of all adults in the United States have a tattoo, slightly down from 2003, when 16% had a tattoo. Among age groups, 9% of those ages 18–24, 32% of those 25–29, 25% of those 30–39 and 12% of those 40–49 have tattoos, as do 8% of those 50–64. Men are slightly more likely to have a tattoo than women.

Richmond, Virginia has been cited as one of the most tattooed cities in the United States. That distinction led the Valentine Richmond History Center to create an online exhibit titled "History, Ink: The Tattoo Archive Project." The introduction to the exhibit notes, "In the past, western culture associated tattoos with those individuals who lived on the edge of society; however, today they are recognized as a legitimate art form and widely accepted in mainstream culture."

Since the 1970s, tattoos have become a mainstream part of Western fashion, common between all genders, among all economic classes and to age groups from the later teen years to middle age. For many young Americans, the tattoo has taken on a decidedly different meaning than for previous generations. The tattoo has undergone "dramatic redefinition" and has shifted from a form of deviance to an acceptable form of expression.

As of 1 November 2006, Oklahoma became the last state to legalize tattooing, having banned it since 1963.

Protection papers were used by American sailors to prevent themselves from being taken off American ships and impressed into the Royal Navy. These were simple documents that described the sailor as being an American sailor. Many of the protection certificates were so general, and it was so easy to abuse the system, that many impressment officers of the Royal Navy paid no attention to them. In applying for a duplicate Seaman's Protection Certificate in 1817, James Francis stated that he 'had a protection granted him by the Collector of this Port on or about 12 March 1806 which was torn up and destroyed by a British Captain when at sea.' One way of making them more specific was to describe a tattoo, which is highly personal, and thus use that description to identify the seaman. As a result, many of the later certificates carried information about tattoos and scars, as well as other specific information. This also perhaps led to an increase and proliferation of tattoos among American seamen. Frequently their 'protection papers' made reference to tattoos, clear evidence that individual was a seafaring man; rarely did members of the general public adorn themselves with tattoos.

In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, tattoos were as much about self-expression as they were about having a unique way to identify a sailor's body should he be lost at sea or impressed by the British navy. The best source for early American tattoos is the protection papers issued following a 1796 congressional act to safeguard American seamen from impressment. These proto-passports catalogued tattoos alongside birthmarks, scars, race, and height. Using simple techniques and tools, tattoo artists in the early republic typically worked on board ships using anything available as pigments, even gunpowder and urine. Men marked their arms and hands with initials of themselves and loved ones, significant dates, symbols of the seafaring life, liberty poles, crucifixes, and other symbols."

Because these protection papers were used to define freemen and citizenship, many black sailors and other men also used them to show that they were freemen if they were stopped by officials or slave catchers. They also called them "free papers" because they certified their non-slave status. Many of the freed blacks used descriptions of tattoos for identification purposes on their freedom papers.

Branding was used by European authorities for marking criminals throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The practice was also used by British authorities to mark army deserters and military personnel court-martialed in Australia. In nineteenth century Australia tattoos were generally the result of personal rather than official decisions but British authorities started to record tattoos along with scars and other bodily markings to describe and manage convicts assigned for transportation. The practice of tattooing appears to have been a largely non-commercial enterprise during the convict period in Australia. For example, James Ross in the Hobart Almanac of 1833 describes how the convicts on board ship commonly spent time tattooing themselves with gunpowder.

By the beginning of the twentieth century, there were tattoo studios in Australia but they do not appear to have been numerous. For example, the Sydney tattoo studio of Fred Harris was touted as being the only tattoo studio in Sydney between 1916 and 1943. Tattoo designs often reflected the culture of the day and in 1923 Harris's small parlour experienced an increase in the number of women getting tattoos. Another popular trend was for women to have their legs tattooed so the designs could be seen through their stockings.

By 1937 Harris was one of Sydney's best-known tattoo artists and was inking around 2000 tattoos a year in his shop. Sailors provided most of the canvases for his work but among the more popular tattoos in 1938 were Australian flags and kangaroos for sailors of the visiting American Fleet.

In modern day Australia a popular tattoo design is the Southern Cross motif, or variations of it.[citation needed]

Tattooing involves the placement of pigment into the skin's dermis, the layer of dermal tissue underlying the epidermis. After initial injection, pigment is dispersed throughout a homogenized damaged layer down through the epidermis and upper dermis, in both of which the presence of foreign material activates the immune system's phagocytes to engulf the pigment particles. As healing proceeds, the damaged epidermis flakes away (eliminating surface pigment) while deeper in the skin granulation tissue forms, which is later converted to connective tissue by collagen growth. This mends the upper dermis, where pigment remains trapped within successive generations of macrophages, ultimately concentrating in a layer just below the dermis/epidermis boundary. Its presence there is stable, but in the long term (decades) the pigment tends to migrate deeper into the dermis, accounting for the degraded detail of old tattoos.

In modern tattooing, an artist may use a thermal stencil paper or Hectograph to first place the design print on the skin before working with the machine and needle on skin. This process has enabled artists to create very detailed artworks on the skin.

Some tribal cultures traditionally created tattoos by cutting designs into the skin and rubbing the resulting wound with ink, ashes or other agents; some cultures continue this practice, which may be an adjunct to scarification. Some cultures create tattooed marks by hand-tapping the ink into the skin using sharpened sticks or animal bones (made into needles) with clay formed disks or, in modern times, actual needles.

The most common method of tattooing in modern times is the electric tattoo machine, which inserts ink into the skin via a single needle or a group of needles that are soldered onto a bar, which is attached to an oscillating unit. The unit rapidly and repeatedly drives the needles in and out of the skin, usually 80 to 150 times a second. The needles are single-use needles that come packaged individually.

Tattooing is regulated in many countries because of the associated health risks to client and practitioner, specifically local infections and virus transmission. Disposable plastic aprons and eye protection can be worn depending on the risk of blood or other secretions splashing into the eyes or clothing of the tattooist. Hand hygiene, assessment of risks and appropriate disposal of all sharp objects and materials contaminated with blood are crucial areas. The tattoo artist must wash his or her hands and must also wash the area that will be tattooed. Gloves must be worn at all times and the wound must be wiped frequently with a wet disposable towel of some kind. All equipment must be sterilized in a certified autoclave before and after every use. It is good practice to provide clients with a printed consent form that outlines risks and complications as well as instructions for after care.

Among Austronesian societies, tattoos had various function. Among men, they were strongly linked to the widespread practice of head-hunting raids. In head-hunting societies, like the Ifugao and Dayak people, tattoos were records of how many heads the warriors had taken in battle, and was part of the initiation rites into adulthood. The number, design, and location of tattoos, therefore, were indicative of a warrior's status and prowess. They were also regarded as magical wards against various dangers like evil spirits and illnesses. Among the Visayans of the pre-colonial Philippines, tattoos were worn by the tumao nobility and the timawa warrior class as permanent records of their participation and conduct in maritime raids known as mangayaw. In Austronesian women, like the facial tattoos among the women of the Tayal and Māori people, they were indicators of status, skill, and beauty.

The Government of Meiji Japan had outlawed tattoos in the 19th century, a prohibition that stood for 70 years before being repealed in 1948. As of 6 June 2012, all new tattoos are forbidden for employees of the city of Osaka. Existing tattoos are required to be covered with proper clothing. The regulations were added to Osaka's ethical codes, and employees with tattoos were encouraged to have them removed. This was done because of the strong connection of tattoos with the yakuza, or Japanese organized crime, after an Osaka official in February 2012 threatened a schoolchild by showing his tattoo.

Tattoos had negative connotations in historical China, where criminals often had been marked by tattooing. The association of tattoos with criminals was transmitted from China to influence Japan. Today, tattoos have remained a taboo in Chinese society.

The Romans tattooed criminals and slaves, and in the 19th century released U.S. convicts, Australian convicts and British army deserters were identified by tattoos. Prisoners in Nazi concentration camps were tattooed with an identification number. Today, many prison inmates still tattoo themselves as an indication of time spent in prison.

Native Americans also used tattoos to represent their tribe[citation needed]. Catholic Croats of Bosnia used religious Christian tattooing, especially of children and women, for protection against conversion to Islam during the Ottoman rule in the Balkans.

Tattoos are strongly empirically associated with deviance, personality disorders and criminality. Although the general acceptance of tattoos is on the rise in Western society, they still carry a heavy stigma among certain social groups. Tattoos are generally considered an important part of the culture of the Russian mafia.

Current cultural understandings of tattoos in Europe and North America have been greatly influenced by long-standing stereotypes based on deviant social groups in the 19th and 20th centuries. Particularly in North America, tattoos have been associated with stereotypes, folklore and racism. Not until the 1960s and 1970s did people associate tattoos with such societal outcasts as bikers and prisoners. Today, in the United States many prisoners and criminal gangs use distinctive tattoos to indicate facts about their criminal behavior, prison sentences and organizational affiliation. A teardrop tattoo, for example, can be symbolic of murder, or each tear represents the death of a friend. At the same time, members of the U.S. military have an equally well-established and longstanding history of tattooing to indicate military units, battles, kills, etc., an association that remains widespread among older Americans. In Japan, tattoos are associated with yakuza criminal groups, but there are non-yakuza groups such as Fukushi Masaichi's tattoo association that sought to preserve the skins of dead Japanese who have extensive tattoos. Tattooing is also common in the British Armed Forces. Depending on vocation, tattoos are accepted in a number of professions in America. Companies across many fields are increasingly focused on diversity and inclusion. Mainstream art galleries hold exhibitions of both conventional and custom tattoo designs, such as Beyond Skin, at the Museum of Croydon.

In Britain, there is evidence of women with tattoos, concealed by their clothing, throughout the 20th century, and records of women tattooists such as Jessie Knight from the 1920s. A study of "at-risk" (as defined by school absenteeism and truancy) adolescent girls showed a positive correlation between body modification and negative feelings towards the body and low self-esteem; however, the study also demonstrated that a strong motive for body modification is the search for "self and attempts to attain mastery and control over the body in an age of increasing alienation". The prevalence of women in the tattoo industry in the 21st century, along with larger numbers of women bearing tattoos, appears to be changing negative perceptions.

In Covered in Ink by Beverly Yuen Thompson, she interviews heavily tattooed women in Washington, Miami, Orlando, Houston, Long Beach, and Seattle from 2007 to 2010 using participant observation and in-depth interviews of 70 women. Younger generations are typically more unbothered by heavily tattooed women, while older generation including the participants parents are more likely to look down on them, some even go to the extreme of disowning their children for getting tattoos. Typically how the family reacts is an indicator of their relationship in general. Family members who weren't accepting of tattoos often wanted to scrub the images off, pour holy water on them or have them surgically removed. Families who were emotionally accepting of their family members were able to maintain close bonds after tattooing.

Former sailor Rowland Hussey Macy, who formed Macy's department stores, used a red star tattoo that he had on his hand for the store's logo.

Tattoos have also been used in marketing and advertising with companies paying people to have logos of brands like HBO, Red Bull, ASOS.com and Sailor Jerry's rum tattooed in their bodies. This practice is known as "skinvertising".

B.T.'s Smokehouse, a barbecue restaurant located in Massachusetts, offered customers free meals for life if they had the logo of the establishment tattooed on a visible part of their bodies. Nine people took the business up on the offer.

The pain of tattooing can range from uncomfortable to excruciating depending on the location of the tattooing the body. The pain can cause fainting.

Because it requires breaking the immunologic barrier formed by the skin, tattooing carries health risks including infection and allergic reactions. Modern tattooists reduce health risks by following universal precautions working with single-use items and sterilizing their equipment after each use. Many jurisdictions require that tattooists have blood-borne pathogen training such as that provided through the Red Cross and OSHA. As of 2009 (in the United States) there have been no reported cases of HIV contracted from tattoos.

In amateur tattooing, such as the practice in prisons, there is an elevated risk of infection. Infections that can theoretically be transmitted by the use of unsterilized tattoo equipment or contaminated ink include surface infections of the skin, fungal infections, some forms of hepatitis, herpes simplex virus, HIV, staph, tetanus, and tuberculosis.

Tattoo inks have been described as "remarkably nonreactive histologically". However, cases of allergic reactions to tattoo inks, particularly certain colors, have been medically documented. This is sometimes due to the presence of nickel in an ink pigment, which triggers a common metal allergy. Occasionally, when a blood vessel is punctured during the tattooing procedure, a bruise/hematoma may appear. At the same time, a number of tattoo inks may contain hazardous substances, and a proposal has been submitted by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) to restrict the intentional use or concentration limit of approximately 4 000 substances when contained in tattoo inks. According to a study by the European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON), a number of modern-day tattoo inks contain nanomaterials. These engender significant nanotoxicological concerns.

Certain colours - red or similar colours such as purple, pink, and orange - tend to cause more problems and damage compared to other colours. Red ink has even caused skin and flesh damages so severe that the amputation of a leg or an arm has been necessary. If part of a tattoo (especially if red) begins to cause even minor troubles, like becoming itchy or worse, lumpy, then Danish experts strongly suggest to remove the red parts.

In 2017, researchers from the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in France say the chemicals in tattoo ink can travel in the bloodstream and accumulate in the lymph nodes, obstructing their ability to fight infections. However, the authors noted in their paper that most tattooed individuals including the donors analyzed do not suffer from chronic inflammation.

Tattoo artists frequently recommend sun protection of skin to prevent tattoos from fading and to preserve skin integrity to make future tattooing easier.

While tattoos are considered permanent, it is sometimes possible to remove them, fully or partially, with laser treatments. Typically, black and some colored inks can be removed more completely than inks of other colors. The expense and pain associated with removing tattoos are typically greater than the expense and pain associated with applying them. Pre-laser tattoo removal methods include dermabrasion, salabrasion (scrubbing the skin with salt), cryosurgery and excision—which is sometimes still used along with skin grafts for larger tattoos. These older methods, however, have been nearly completely replaced by laser removal treatment options.

A temporary tattoo is a non-permanent image on the skin resembling a permanent tattoo. As a form of body painting, temporary tattoos can be drawn, painted, airbrushed, or needled in the same way as permanent tattoos, but with an ink which dissolves in the blood within 6 months.[citation needed]

Decal (press-on) temporary tattoos are used to decorate any part of the body. They may last for a day or for more than a week.

Foil temporary tattoos are a variation of decal-style temporary tattoos, printed using a foil stamping technique instead of using ink.[citation needed] The foil design is printed as a mirror image in order to be viewed in the right direction once it is applied to the skin. Each metallic tattoo is protected by a transparent protective film.

Although they have become more popular and usually require a greater investment, airbrush temporary tattoos are less likely to achieve the look of a permanent tattoo, and may not last as long as press-on temporary tattoos. An artist sprays on airbrush tattoos using a stencil with alcohol-based cosmetic inks. Like decal tattoos, airbrush temporary tattoos also are easily removed with rubbing alcohol or baby oil.

Another tattoo alternative is henna-based tattoos, which generally contain no additives. Henna is a plant-derived substance which is painted on the skin, staining it a reddish-orange-to-brown color. Because of the semi-permanent nature of henna, they lack the realistic colors typical of decal temporary tattoos. Due to the time-consuming application process, it is a relatively poor option for children. Dermatological publications report that allergic reactions to natural henna are very rare and the product is generally considered safe for skin application. Serious problems can occur, however, from the use of henna with certain additives. The FDA and medical journals report that painted black henna temporary tattoos are especially dangerous.

Decal temporary tattoos, when legally sold in the United States, have had their color additives approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as cosmetics – the FDA has determined these colorants are safe for "direct dermal contact". While the FDA has received some accounts of minor skin irritation, including redness and swelling, from this type of temporary tattoo, the agency has found these symptoms to be "child specific" and not significant enough to support warnings to the public. Unapproved pigments, however, which are sometimes used by non-US manufacturers, can provoke allergic reactions in anyone.

The types of airbrush paints manufactured for crafting, creating art or decorating clothing should never be used for tattooing. These paints can be allergenic or toxic.

The FDA regularly issues warnings to consumers about avoiding any temporary tattoos labeled as black henna or pre-mixed henna as these may contain potentially harmful ingredients including silver nitrate, carmine, pyrogallol, disperse orange dye and chromium. Black henna gets its color from paraphenylenediamine (PPD), a textile dye approved by the FDA for human use only in hair coloring. In Canada, the use of PPD on the skin, including hair dye, is banned. Research has linked these and other ingredients to a range of health problems including allergic reactions, chronic inflammatory reactions, and late-onset allergic reactions to related clothing and hairdressing dyes. They can cause these reactions long after application. Neither black henna nor pre-mixed henna are approved for cosmetic use by the FDA.

Egyptians originally used tattoos to show dedication to a god, and the tattoos were believed to convey divine protection. In Hinduism, Buddhism, and Neopaganism, tattoos are accepted. Southeast Asia has a tradition of protective tattoos variously known as sak yant or yantra tattoos that include Buddhist images, prayers, and symbols. Images of the Buddha or other religious figures have caused controversy in some Buddhist countries when incorporated into tattoos by Westerners who do not follow traditional customs regarding respectful display of images of Buddhas or deities.

Judaism generally prohibits tattoos among its adherents based on the commandments in Leviticus 19. Jews tend to believe this commandment only applies to Jews and not to gentiles. However, an increasing number of young Jews are getting tattoos either for fashion, or an expression of their faith.

There is no specific teaching in the New Testament prohibiting tattoos. Most Christian denominations believe that the Old Covenant ceremonial laws in Leviticus were abrogated with the coming of the New Covenant; that the prohibition of various cultural practices, including tattooing, was intended to distinguish the Israelites from neighbouring peoples for a limited period of time, and was not intended as a universal law to apply to the gentiles for all time. Many Coptic Christians in Egypt have a cross tattoo on their right wrist to differentiate themselves from Muslims. However, some Evangelical and fundamentalist Protestant denominations believe the commandment applies today for Christians and believe it is a sin to get a tattoo. In catholic teaching, what is said in Leviticus (19:28) is taught not binding upon Christians for the same reason that the verse “nor shall there come upon you a garment of cloth made of two kinds of stuff” (Lev. 19:19) is not binding upon Christians. It is a matter of what the tattoo depicts. The catholic church says the images should not be immoral, such as sexually explicit, Satanic, or in anyway opposed to the truths and teachings of Christianity.

Tattoos are considered to be haram for many Sunni Muslims, based on rulings from scholars and passages in the Sunni Hadith. Shia Islam does not prohibit tattooing, and many Shia Muslims (Lebanese, Iraqis, Yemenis, Iranians) have tattoos, specifically with religious themes.

me: i think it was the neck tattoo and voice. that’s the reason i liked him. because as soon as i saw him w out the…
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If only you could tattoo videos
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@cjanetttt Girl get that tattoo! Lol
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@yuhosi_0110 ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ
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i wanna get a tattoo of this yeosang
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my first tattoo on my sternum was bc i would look cute w my prom dress. and it was.
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Ansioso pra fazer a tattoo com meus babys
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@EdLatimore This is explored in Jared Diamond's Guns, germs and steel. For instance, why more people are tattooed t…
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@_______ayg Pain is temporary 😈😈 a tattoo is permanent 😈😈
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only got $70 to my name :*** guess who spending it on a tattoo on monday
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@kokoshwee @yo7nmin Song came out shortly after that fake tattoo meaning He KNEW the song 😌
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@alexissheiliey Same 😭 my mom said even if it was a butterfly tattoo the ms - 13 was gonna get me 😭💀
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@legallybae My first UV tattoo.
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@HiddenCash Just chipped my tooth & have no coverage since I lost my job. This would help go towards what I have to…
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@DebGray57096580 I was a seven year-old in a rural town, so I wasn't listening to Tattoo You, no
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@tt_tattoo_ 아 저 중국에서 브러쉬 살껀데 같이 시킬랭ㅅ??
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Gue pingin punya tattoo
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aparentemente meus "macrófagos são muito preguiçosos" pra explelir pigmento da tattoo nova hahahaha
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@daddyaelin i have tom riddles diary with the basilisk tooth as a tattoo. ion know if that counts as a character in…
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Queria fazer mais tattoo
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sort of reminds me of the tattoo i want heh
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Dps do retoque do meu solzin, eu tô amando essa tattoo
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for me 80% of women with tattoo is BITCH! just saying 😂
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Don’t be sad go get a tattoo
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@matheusgmarinho e a tattoo, pronto p proxima??
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Nigga keep me for 5-6 hours for a 1-3 hour tattoo. Getting high and shit during my session.
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Booked my neck tattoo 😳
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I already set up my appointment for my next tattoo
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minha mãe é liberal? • beber:✅ • fumar maconha:❌ • pintar o cabelo:✅ • fazer tattoo:✅ • piercing:✅❌ • dormir na cas…
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So baby pull me closer. In the back seat of your Rover. That I know you can't afford. Bite that tattoo on your shoulder.
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@MrAndyNgo @Julio_Rosas11 That's one way to get rid of a shitty tattoo
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minha mãe é liberal? - beber ❌ - fumar ❌ - pintar o cabelo ✔️ - fazer tattoo ❌ - piercing ❌ - dormir na casa de ami…
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Tattoo shops are open again? Bet
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Tonight my GFs friend grabbed my wrist and asked me what happened after seeing my semicolon tattoo and it was one o…
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@AllNewDom I think I may have dragged a total of 23 people to see the Fincher Girl with the Dragon Tattoo movie. I…
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I want to get another piercing/tattoo bad 😩
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Best part about this tattoo fucking final feel free my ex name off my me ‼️😩🙏🏾
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@Uniswapgems I'm from the U.S.A pick me and I'll tattoo your name on my sss.😂 0x7D497Fcd4cc5044155990B9E056cCbA511…
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So, did you get that tattoo?
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@analysis_kpop Am I the only one who thinks Chaeyoung dating a tattoo artist makes sense?
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I can’t post my new tattoo on here, but now I know how people feel when they get a new tattoo and just wanna show it off to everyone 😭🤪
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guys that have to buy everything in designer might as well just tattoo “gaslighter” on their foreheads
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kaosou cafe and tattoo shop owner au
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want to get my rib tattoo done but i currently cant stand to look at any part of my body that isn’t my arms or my hair soooo 😗
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O curioso caso do mlk q quer lançar várias tattoo mas tem medo de se arrepender 🤡🤡🤡
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quão “menininha” você é: peito grande? ❌ bunda grande? ❌ cabelo liso? ✅ unhas grandes? ✅ tattoo? ❌ piercing? ❌ vaid…
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Me dejo de llamar Tamara si no me hago un tattoo antes de terminar el mes 💅🏼
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California Girls Merchandise Capsule now available at Tattoo design by @EdHardy New archi…
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How to Love Yourself Even Though the Tattoo Artist Didn't Post a Pic of Your Tattoo:
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Kodak Black got a Lamar Jackson inspired tattoo 💉
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🔹 THE GIRL WITH THE DRAGON TATTOO David Fincher, 2011
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RT @chimuzoo: ありがとうございました┏○ペコッ #タトゥー #tattoo #大阪 #門真
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RT @chimuzoo: (´。✪ω✪。`) #タトゥー #tattoo #大阪 #門真
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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Yes it hurts I don't eat anything or partake in any drugs or alcohol before getting a tattoo but it reminds of the…
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Ik linek won't talk 🥺🥺🥺 But if she can just come and tweet some subtle petty shade to give us an overwhelming win…
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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@Kizito5 Ich kann mir den Namen meiner Frau auch ohne ein Tattoo merken...
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@shengism Means I won't have to get that "Terry Munro" tattoo I'd promised to have done. So, silver linings?
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RT @isykyot: to anyone who asks me when i will stop being ahgase, kau tunggu sampai - youngjae makan timun - yugyeom jadi hyung - jinyoun…
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RT @queensIouis: in honor of the one year anniversary of walls and my first ever tattoo, i decided to get something a little more special d…
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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RT @THlCCSHADY: ─────────────── ⠀⠀⠀ V A Y D A G R E Y nineteen. scorpio. singer-songwriter. tattoo artist. the intimidating bisexu…
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Corentin Tolisso was fined and dropped by Bayern Munich for their match with Hoffenheim because he broke coronaviru…
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How to Love Yourself Even Though the Tattoo Artist Didn't Post a Pic of Your Tattoo:
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Every man with a hand tattoo sells drugs and/or cheats on their girlfriends
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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@ida_skibenes I have 2 tattoos. Small one on my chest and a large Tiger crawling up my leg. Both fairly painless.(u…
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RT @BecauseTheyCan3: Selfer 📸 "Tattoo Suck" #selfsucker #hung #tattoo #selfsucking #autofellatio #bigcock #young #camshow #selfers #exibi…
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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So y’all going to cry everytime someone get an arabic tattoo ?
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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RT @SNFLWRHAROLD: "THEY'RE NOT "ITS MY MOST GONNA KNOWN TATTOO KNOW" LOUIS"
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Day 54 of trying to get @markiplier and @CrankGameplays to help me with my #UnusAnnus tattoo
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@VereenaSayed Tattoo! 😘
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RT @longbeachgriffy: I really need another Tattoo 🤔
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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RT @botkiki28: Brondong tattoo kontol nya tebel juga ya Mau yg lebih seru ya disini Download skrng nggak usah dm h…
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Attention Juggalos of the world my man @steveo just got a brand new tattoo I think you ninjas might like!!! Stay tu…
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Just posted a photo @ Honor And Glory Tattoo NC
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RT @GothGirlWannabe: So does Hell have therapy and rehab, but doesn't have laser tattoo removal?
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Uma tattoo no pescoço é tudo que eu quero
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RT @solennavecdeuxn: Tattoo d’aujourd’hui 🖤 je l’aime trop, venez vous faire tatouer vos tableaux préférés !!!!
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How shall I spend my birthday tomorrow......that’s right, in a tattoo shop.
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RT @deadkye: that tattoo needle is calling me by my full government name
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Got my first tattoo Saturday! @samarchitects what do you and the fellas think?
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RT @UberFacts: Laser tattoo removal doesn't actually erase the tattoo; it just helps break it down so white blood cells can carry it away.…
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안전최우선 티켓닷컴 O1O-4862-2160 { 카톡: T2482 } grow 신용카드현금화 criminal 신용카드한도현금화 tattoo 신용카드현금 character 신용카드한도대출 rank 신용카…
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Not my mom telling 'him' "poor guy" "no one is goin to accept him w/a tattoo" "tell him not to get it" "he won't ge…
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LRT the more soft unicorns I see, the more my need to have one in the form of a tattoo grows ;;;;
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Pensando en hacerme un tattoo. Que dicen ? 🤔
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@ImSpeaking13 I got my first tattoo in August. My oldest daughter passed away in May. She loved sloths and had a sl…
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Getting a tattoo right now because ...10 is an even number
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the one tattoo i constantly forget i have
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RT @ReyloPromptsBot: Ben Solo, Tattoo Artist Rey and five porgs in a trenchcoat fuck right in front of my salad
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Y’a tattoo cover jeudi ;)
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I am extremely into this. Might get the year I was born as a tattoo. People would assume it was yet another Death…
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Just stopping by to say I love what Joe Biden has done his first 2 weeks in office. I haven't bought a flag with hi…
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Hi. Hello. Huge LOTR fan here. Planning to get an LOTR tattoo. I will pay you triple the ticket cost to have this N…
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#onlyFans #onlyfansfeet #onlyfanslatina #onlyfanssub #nsfwsub #submissive #tattoo #tattoos…
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RT @brad_dickson: Testifying before the city council in favor of keeping the mask mandate today were two doctors from UNMC. Testifying agai…
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RT @FArkantart: @stefandg @TaraCopp @SecDef And do a tattoo check.
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@dereon234 That’s his tattoo tho and it’s on the same arm👀👀👀👀
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RT @7Osloveontour: no bc someone really got to cover this tattoo
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I want a tattoo
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not me trying to write my birth year, thinking it would be a cool tattoo and accidentally drawing swastika-esque do…
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@leyremad @Eros_swingeer Lo que haga falta...
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Hi I need another tattoo :)
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@SqWdInK Tattoo artist here 👋 It’s ok to be nervous on the first one. I see it from lots of my clients from over th…
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RT @Jacobmtz_334: i want a tattoo.
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want to tattoo my whole body... iont give a mf
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RT @FOXLA: Pasco deputies arrested a man with the state of Florida tattooed on his forehead early Sunday morning, after investigators said…
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I’m almost ready to post his tattoo but tbh I’m kinda waiting for mine first. But I wanna show y’all so fuckng bad ughhhhhhh
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I don’t think I’ve ever been more nervous for a tattoo. It’s been so long and I know this shit is gonna hurt worse…
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I got a request on Instagram on the tattoo artist Yeee I’m so excited
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RT @_Houss3m: Custom face with tattoo for Fifa 21 - Agustín Urzi : OVR 7⃣2⃣ - POT 📈8⃣7⃣ 🔥 🔘Link (Only for Patreons) 🔽🔽 ⚠️Get this Fa…
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Lonzo Ball’s tattoo sleeve pays homage to some Black historical icons 🔥 #BlackHistoryAlways (via @ZO2_)
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NBA star Lonzo Ball’s tattoo sleeve pays homage to some Black historical icons 🔥🔥 #BlackHistoryMonth (@ZO2_ )
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@rebeccasupplier the way she 👁👅👁 to one direction posters and i 👁👅👁 to my arm tattoo
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RT @livewithnoregrt: I personally think it’s time for a tattoo
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meu pai se amarrou na tattoo
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RT @livewithnoregrt: I personally think it’s time for a tattoo
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RT @DOGE52100954: IF $DOGE HITS A DOLLAR I WILL TATTOO SHIBA ENU ON MY RIGHT UPPER THIGH IN GREAT DETAIL #DOGEARMY #DOGECOIN #DOGE 🐕🐕🐕🐕🐕🐕🐕🐕…
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RT @nottydesignss: sale! tattoo outlines are available for $300 for a limited time. only 10 slots available 🧚🏾
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Vou lança umas tattoo azar
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RT @BET: NBA star Lonzo Ball’s tattoo sleeve pays homage to some Black historical icons 🔥🔥 #BlackHistoryMonth (@ZO2_ )
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RT @livewithnoregrt: I personally think it’s time for a tattoo
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RT @SaycheeseDGTL: A man with a Florida tattoo on his forehead has been arrested for calling 911 twice to get a ride home, authorities said…
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RT @KSmallsK: The mental stability I had from the last tattoo I got wore off it’s time to get another one
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RT @chinoquinha__: Já só quero a próxima tattoo.
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No need to waste money drawing a tattoo. Use a black pen. After you get what you want, you can clean the tattoo
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i want a tattoo :/
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thinking about getting a tattoo inspired by an ari’s song...maybe raindrops, gws or gng
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Regarder Tattoo Cover ça craint en fait, j’en ai déjà 2 de prévus fin mars j’ai déjà envie d’appeler pour planifier les suivants jpp
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RT @chazzyamateurs: Coming soon from @AlexandriaWu3 and #CliffordBryant. "I Tattoo You If You Fix My Laptop!"
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Sutherland Macdonald was Britain's first professional tattoo artist. By 1889 he was already operating a tattoo parl…
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RT @KingPortraits: Petrol anyone #relax #happy #tattoo #art #loveyourself #art #goodmorning #goodvibes #relax #loveyourself #amorpropio #fe…
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WHY YOU MAKE ME GET THIS TATTOO???? MAN FUCK THIS TATTOO!
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RT @whobutalphaman: CLICK THE LINK & VOTE MY TATTOO ARTIST TO BE THE COVER GIRL OF @Inkedmag C’MON YOU KNOW SHE FIRE 🥰🤩😎
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Só queria ter as tattoo do ret
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Just posted a photo @ Heirloom Tattoo & Piercing
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RT @therawdeeya: I for don tattoo bobrisky for my brezz jeje
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RT @booksb4b0yz: Les tattoo c'est cool mais on ne met pas un autocollant sur une voiture de Lux
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Headed to my tattoo appointment *does excited dance *
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@altonbrown @IngramElizabeth In these Covidian Times, looking forward to the cocktail most of all. @shackley_tattoo
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RT @asscheeksonme: New tattoo 😭🥰 the pain was like a 5.5
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RT @asscheeksonme: New tattoo 😭🥰 the pain was like a 5.5
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@Ccristixa yeah, I recommend you this site where you can find top-rated tattoo artist easily. check from here⬇️⬇️…
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RT @marcosalvarado_: Ethereal connection tattoo
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@Swagg You also gatta get a Nuke tattoo
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RT @nfazrin_: Orang macam ni tak payah puji berani la lawa la apa-apa. Kata tattoo tak haram sebab takde Al-Quran tapi dalam hadis ada. Nak…
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@hinx It’d be a hilarious tattoo right?
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Thinking hard about getting this tattoo 🙃
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#MISSING Constance was last seen on January 15, 2021. She may still be in the #Chicago, #Illinois area. Constance…
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When $TRX hits 50 cents and $BTT hits 1 cent I’m getting a tattoo of @justinsuntron's face 🤣
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If anyone knows a good tattoo artist based in New York City, preferably Manhattan or Brooklyn my DMs are open. I've…
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Man Excited To Get Tattoo That Will One Day Be Used To Identify His Corpse
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RT @kpophappenings_: when that kpop girl got a rainbow tattoo on her wrist
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Vou juntar aqui meus 10 centarros e ver o q dá pra fazer de tattoo esse ano...
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@TBZTrends Tattoo 020 #StanWorld #THEBOYZ @WE_THE_BOYZ
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I really really want a tattoo but I’m so fucking fussy LOL
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RT @ulxma: I honestly want us to understand that even hardened criminals should not be dehumanised this way. Once we make it ok to treat th…
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RT @yukhelei: the boyz going from ddd to tattoo
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RT @wkwksenpai: WTS Album Only Shoot Me Day6 Trigger Vers + tattoo Ready INA IDR 80k Bisa 🍊dan tokp3d #DAY6 #데이식스 #wtsday6stuff @DAY6Tr…
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RT @johimmaculate: op was a staff working behind the scenes for 127’s power of k recording! they said that johnny’s tattoo which came out o…
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RT @99principe99: -MIDDLE EASTERN LOOKING GUY- Hindi nya napigilang labasan sa loob ko sa sobrang sarap - Avail of one lifetime susbcript…
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Merci à moi même de m’offrir ce super tattoo pour la st Valentin 🥰🥰 je suis vraiment un personne cool je t’aime
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@BigBrotherWatch @DominicRaab Document-->Passport-->Smartphone app "No phone? No problem." Bracelet-->Tattoo-->Do…
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RT @johimmaculate: op was a staff working behind the scenes for 127’s power of k recording! they said that johnny’s tattoo which came out o…
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RT @rockstarjmin: the undercut, chains and tattoo
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RT @rakshita_bhed_: Alcohol ✔️ Smoke ✔️ Pub ✔️ Weed✔️ Kiss ✔️ Hug ✔️ Drinking with Girls✔️ Smoking with Boys ✔️ Caught in Drunk and drive…
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RT @gcinamoyo_: More piercings 🕯 A tattoo 🕯 New clothes 🕯
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HEY IT’S MY ONE YEAR ANNIVERSARY WITH MY HONG (Moonie) TATTOO YO
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RT @MaayKaty: Hey ya'll I have a $500 tattoo booked.... who's here to help a bitch out???
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Fun fact!! 5️⃣ years ago to this very day, the West Indies U-19 team (of which Alzarri Joseph was a part) won the I…
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@MileyCyrus If you get a henna tattoo that says Cuban Missle Crisis above your belly button like 2pac I’m in…
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i lied i’m not going to sleep yet
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RT @ahemyg: you know that genre of yoongi joke where he jokes about getting buff or getting a back tattoo? and you don’t really know if he’…
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RT @zukikhalids: Abang str8 tattoo Sabahan sedap💦💦💦💦💦 🔶Nak full join Group Plu Telegram rm30 🔶DM kalau nak join 🔶Antara video Onlyfans Me…
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RT @unholybizzIe: 1 year of changes, it’s my tattoo’s time to shine @justinbieber
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quiero hacerme un tattoo de un manga
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RT @merry4fun_m4f: Good Morning aus meiner Küche, wie findest Du mein neues Tattoo?
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. . . so , I’ve decided on my first tattoo.
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@DerDingsi @lu_eder Das kann ich nichts sagen. Ich bin zwar schon in einer Lindauer Hafenkneipe versackt, kam aber ohne Tattoo wieder raus.
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RT @TheHoopCentral: This Kobe tattoo is amazing. 😳🙏 (h/t @kobemurals)
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@koocuddles part of me thinks that he'll wear a black long sleeve underneath but the clown part of me screaming tha…
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RT @merry4fun_m4f: Good Morning aus meiner Küche, wie findest Du mein neues Tattoo?
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RT @moriahmillsss: New tattoo 🌹
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I’m just waiting for Matthew Gray Gubler to draw Edgar Allan Poe so I can get a tattoo of it :/
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RT @RealCynner: @mikeyhartattoos my tattoo artist is undefeated. CyberCynner resurrected
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RT @RealCynner: @mikeyhartattoos my tattoo artist is undefeated. CyberCynner resurrected
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RT @RealCynner: @mikeyhartattoos my tattoo artist is undefeated. CyberCynner resurrected
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RT @ymin_ii: au where every person has a "love battery", showing how much love they have everyday. it's a small tattoo, a mark on any part…
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Tatouage self love bras
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Un tatouage minimaliste pour enfin franchir le pas #tatouage #minimaliste #petit #mini #discret #fin #beauté #tattoo #dessin #aufeminin #coeur
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A fun and social girl's lifestyle destination dedicated to style, entertainment, love, and living beautifully.
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Cute small tattoos are a symbol of something meaningful. A lot of people have small tattoos, and I have even heard people say that tattoos are addicting. I know the commitment of having a lifelong mark on your body seems harsh, but with these ideas in mind, you may think differently. Here are 27 cute small tattoos that are barely noticeable! #cutetattoos #smalltattoos
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14 Tatuajes para recordar a alguien que ya no está
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Tatuajes en la cadera Los tatuajes en la cadera los podrás lucir en lencería o en traje de baño, sea cual sea la opción es un excelente lugar para tatuarte algo sexy y bastante íntimo.
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Warning: These beautifully subtle designs will leave you craving your own.
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Você curte tatuagem de viagem? Então, dá uma olhadinha nas inspirações de tattoo que o nosso blog reservou! São 15 ideias criativas de rabiscos para todos os viajantes e mochileiros de plantão. Clique no link!
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Inspirações de tatuagens femininas em lugares que não dói #tatuagensfemininas#tatuagem#tatuagemmaterna#tatuagens#tattoo#tattoofemale#femaletattoo
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20 Tatuagens Retangulares Revelam Partes De Cenas Como Se Você Estivesse Espiando Através De Uma Fresta Na Porta
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imagem descoberto por sidney. Descubra (e salve!) suas próprias imagens e vídeos no We Heart It
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Tatuajes pequeños
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"Star's can't shine without darkness" Galaxy Arm Band Done by: Aaryan Tattooist ------------------------------------ #armbandtattoo #galaxytattoo #universelove #inklover #galaxyarmbandtattoo #godlove #universetattoo #tattoo #aaryans #Teamaaryans #rx_prakash #dhaval #alex #krutika #krupa #ahmedabad #gujarat #india ------------------------------------ Call/Whatsapp for more info: Bodakdev: 9099801171 Chandkheda: 7878601172
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Red Chilli Tattoo by @jmunztattoos
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30 Tatuagens Pequenas E Coloridas Que Se Parecem Com Pinturas Da Cultura Pop
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tattoo Pinterest Ideas
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Jul 12, 2020 13:05
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🥰 One on my bucket list. #tattoo #tattoos #barcode #code #bucketlist
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#tattoos #barcode #tattoo #bucketlist #code
Aug 27, 2020 17:55
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#tattoo #ink #roses #girl #gipsy #tattoogirl #colortattoo #southoffrance #evilink #oludart
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#evilink #girl #ink #oludart #tattoo
Aug 27, 2020 17:55
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Lo que le falta al mundo. Que interesante es el lenguaje de señas. . . .  #mandoalducin #inked #bodyart #tattedup #tatted #inkedup #tats #tattoos #tattoo #tatuaje #watercolortattoos #tat #tatts #art #instatattoo #tattooist #design #ink #tatooed #amazingink #mty #Mexico #tatuajes #tatuadoresmexicanos #tattrx #equilattera #tattooistartmagazine #tattoolife #lenguajedeseñas #tatuartemagazine
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#tattooistartmagazine #inkedup #mandoalducin #tatuadoresmexicanos #mty
Aug 27, 2020 17:55
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Pencil drawing of Dewey in Malcolm in the middle 😋 #dewey #malcolminthemiddle #malcolm #erikpersullivan #drawing #drawings #draw #pencildrawing #pencil #pencils #pencilart #pencilsketch #art #artist #artwork #arts #sketch #sketchbook #realistictattoo #realism #ink #tattoo #tatouage #tattoos #pic #picoftheday #picture #blackandwhite #realisticdrawing #staedtler
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#realistictattoo #erikpersullivan #ink #pencildrawing #drawings
Aug 27, 2020 17:55
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Tiger eye looking good 😎 🐯 Anyone for big cat tattoo or some realistic design. Msg me or contact to @ushuaiatattoo.london 👌🏻 👁 👁 #kohstyle #tattoo #tattooist #tattoo2me #tattooed #tattoodo #tattoostyle #tattooing #tattooartist #tattooartwork #realistictattoo #tattoomagazine #ink #inked #inkedboy #realistic #polishboy #london #londontattoo #londonartist #art #arte #artgallery #tigertattoo #tattooface #tattoolove #tattooinspiration #tiger #blackandwhite #picture
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#tattooartwork #tattooist #realistic #tattoo #tigertattoo
Aug 27, 2020 17:55
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Lettering para mi amiga Derly By @jackartink #tattooed #tattoostyle #letering #letras #tattoomodel #tattoogirl #tatuajes #tattoo #tinta #tattooist #tattoos #tattoohermanos #tattooartist #ink #inktattoo
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#tattoomodel #inktattoo #letras #tinta #tattoohermanos
Aug 27, 2020 17:55
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Моя мама всегда говорила: «Жизнь как коробка шоколадных конфет: никогда не знаешь, какая начинка тебе попадётся Форрест Гамп . . . . #weekend #beautiful #bestoftheday #photooftheday #photoday #photosession #life #lifestyle #jordan14 #streetstyle #park #tattoo #nature #motivation #likeforlikeback #like4likes #instagood #instalike #webstagram #tagstagram #ukraine #boy #happyday #niceday #отдых #выходные #фразыизфильмов
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#tagstagram #happyday #beautiful #weekend #bestoftheday
Aug 27, 2020 17:55
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Arkadaşlar hesabım pi* tarafından kapatıldı desteğinizi bekliyorum yeni hesap destek çıkan unutulmayacak ❤️❤️ . . . . . . . . . . . . . #takipet #takipedenitakipederim #tanzania #tattoo #geritakipvar #geritakipyapiyorum #gtciler #takipte #takipplus #begeniyebegeni #begeni #keşfet #kesfet #instafashion #aktiftakipci #fallowme #fallow4fallow #aztagram #girl #wallpaper #12 #qatar #8
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#instafashion #begeni #geritakipvar #qatar #begeniyebegeni
Aug 27, 2020 17:55
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Iletişim için 05435514546 #familytattoo #family #familia #familiatattoo #tattoo #tattooer #tattooed #blackwork #tattoomobile #instattoo #tattooday #tattoos #tattooink #tattooart #dövmemodelleri #blacktattoo #blackandgreytattoo #wowtattoo #seydisehirdovme #beysehirdovme #worktattoo #seydisehir #beysehir #manavgat #antalya #konyadövme
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#beysehir #tattooart #wowtattoo #blackwork #tattoo
Aug 27, 2020 17:55
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I think I am pretty good for a beginner tattooist 🧐✌️ I freaking love the 🌹❤️ DM📥 #tattoo #tattoos #ink #black #draw #drawing #sketch #sketching #art #new #tattooartist #aigio #greece #albania #shqipe #love #followforfollowback #share #follow #inspire #rose #lettering
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#drawing #shqipe #sketch #followforfollowback #lettering